In the final years of Roman Republican history, aurei were often coined by itinerant mints that followed the various armies to provide coins when needed. The mint in Rome also continued to issue aurei, albeit periodically.
Every leader who claimed Caesar's political inheritance acquired the right given to Caesar to have his portrait on his own issues. Therefore, late Republican aurei bear extraordinary portraits of the most influential people of that age. For the first time on Roman coins, aurei issued in the name of Mark Antony also bear the portrait of a woman, Octavia, third wife of the triumvir and Octavian's sister.