Definition
Multiples
by Claudia Ghezzi

The term "multiples" defines coin-shaped objects in gold and silver produced during the Roman Imperial period. By their weight and value, they are considered as multiples of the most valuable denomination minted in the same metal and in the same period. The percentage of purity follows the same vicissitudes of contemporary coinage. As for gold, at the beginning of the Imperial age multiples of the aureus were issued with values ranging from one aureus and a half to ten. After the reform carried out by Constantine the 1st in 310 A.D. multiples of the solidus are found, ranging from one solidus and a half to exceptional specimens worth 30, 48 and 72 solidi.

These objects can also be called "money medallions" as they have the same celebratory and/or donative function for the high spheres of the administration and the army of the so-called "proper medallions", issued in base metal and of different weights, not immediately linked to a denomination in the same metal. The specification of "money", on the other hand, indicates the ability of gold and silver medallions to circulate with a strictly monetary function as, precisely, multiples of the denominations in use. Their close relation with coins is sometimes reaffirmed by the use of the same types and legends.

Click on the images of the coins to enlarge them


Multiplo da un
solido e un quarto di Costante

Solido di Costante

Multiplo da un
solido e mezzo di Costante

© 2008 UCSC Milano